PENELOPE FILLON EN GARDE A VUE

The structure French chairman is accused of receiving money parce que le his presidential campaigns from the constitue Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi. Marqué the claims go further à say the 2011 Libya military operation to be initiated venir undermine thé alleged ties.

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On Wednesday, march 21, former French president Nicolas Sarkozy was placed under formal investigation for corruption; for misuse de Libyan auditeur funds in allegedly accepting de largent from auto late Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi, à help finance his 2007 presidential choice campaign.

Investigators are assessing claims that Gaddafi's repressive program secretly gave Sarkozy $61.7 million - a sum that is an ext than double the project funding limit of $25.9 million, thé legal limit at the time (presently increased to $27.1 million).

These alleged payments also would oui violated France’s rules versus acceptance of étranger financing parce que le presidential elections. Lock would oui failed to meet french strictures inquiry a clean declaration of the la source of toutes les personnes campaign funds.

Sarkozy, who served as France’s president from 2007-2012, faces his lundi judicial investigation.

His life investigation was a trial conditions météorologiques separate charge of illegal spending overruns throughout his fail re-election campaign ns 2012.

French media reports that Sarkozy tried to bribe auto judge in thé first boîte against him. Ne sont pas judgement has been issued nous these financial et legal shenanigans, haricot de soja the first des boites remains open.

As pour the second case, comprising even more serious allegations of having embraced money parce que le the campaign from the late colonel Gaddafi, Sarkozy’s case has now reached a turning-point indigenous a legal perspective, oui he has been take away into officier de police custody (or ‘garde à vue’).

Indeed, it is the tons time that the se réconcilier president has appeared before an investigating referee while being organized in police custody, since the opening du the caisse in April 2013.

Nicolas Sarkozy has actually denied, and continues venir deny, all accusations that have been levelled against him.

Follow auto money

In April 2012, the français website Mediapart published an interview v a Franco-Lebanese businessman, Ziad Takieddine, who claimed that cette had transferred around $6 million native Gaddafi's feared structure intelligence head Abdullah Senussi à Sarkozy's campaign chief Claude Gueant.

France opened an inquiry right into this case ont far back ont 2013.

Four year later, in November 2016, Mediapart again released a video entretien with Takieddine.

He said hey was given roughly $6 million in Tripoli by Gaddafi's intelligence head Senussi nous trips à Tripoli in 2006 and 2007. Hey added that hey himself had offered the de largent - in thé rather frighten form de suitcases stuffed with cash - venir both Nicolas Sarkozy and to Claude Gueant (Sarkozy’s structure Chief de Staff) conditions météorologiques three separate occasions.

Takieddine asserted that these espèces handovers took carré in auto Interior Ministry, at a time when Sarkozy was the Minister of the Interior.

Takieddine fabriquer these accusation when Sarkozy was running in the français presidential election, hoping à become auto main candidat of France’s right-wing party das Republicains (former UMP). However, Sarkozy perdu in the life round, coming in third behind nouveau Fillon and alin Juppe.

One have to not forget that frais Fillon’s own presidential campaign was destroyed par corruption allegations, de employing his mam Penelope oui a parliamentary aide and getting elle a job at a literary review owned par a friend, cette also work two ns his children as parliamentary assistants.

‘Penelope-Gate,’ brought about Fillon losing thé public's confidence and the vote was won par the new et young politics incumbent, Emmanuel Macron.

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Last week, Mediapart commemorated its tenth anniversary, and the Sarkozy-Libyan affair remains one ns its many high-profile and ongoing investigations. The website received a good deal de criticism for breaking this story, many notably indigenous Sarkozy’s supporters, se réconcilier ministers, et from many est différent right-wing politicians.

The inspection over Sarkozy’s 2007 campaign is not over yet.

The head ns Mediapart, Edwy Plenel (a former-editor-in-chief de France’s prestigious le Monde newspaper, and a seasoned journalist and writer), revealed a couple of weeks back that Nicolas Sarkozy had been financed passant par Muammar Gaddafi.

Plenel included that this constitutes a fixé story, si it was uncovered that a french President - année elected representative - had gone venir war against Libya, with auto debased aim of having his own financial slate clear all clean.

On Tuesday, various das Republicains Party members defended Sarkozy, declare that he was innocent, backing that with an official statement de solidarity conditions météorologiques their webpage.

In 2012, after losing auto election, Sarkozy announced that he would retire indigenous politics. Instead, cette came back ont leader of the UMP Party; change the name it, and managed venir reunite je vous demande pardon was then a highly-divided organization.

A few months after cette took bureau in 2007, hey became the tons western leader in decades to host année official visit by Gaddafi, that was allowed to pitch his "Bedouin" tent in the Marigny Gardens instantly opposite thé Elysee Palace.

Several hefty business deals were signed conditions météorologiques that occasion, consisting of the sale of français military aircrafts venir Libya.

However, fémoral started to échanger in 2011, as soon as Sarkozy was leading auto push pour a NATO military campaign. This would finish in Gaddafi's overthrow, et his eventual killing at auto hands of rebel forces later that year, which bring up the des questions asked de Plenel: whether Sarkozy wanted venir eliminate any type of evidence de his illegal collaboration with auto Libyan dictator.

French Justice

In France, progress on the list of ‘affairs’ in which constitue President Sarkozy is embroiled in, is an extremely slow-moving et even corruption at times.

Notwithstanding, Sarkozy is significantly implicated in two cases. Cette also des stands accused de having allegedly placed pressure on a judge to arrêter him native revealing details of yet un autre case.

However, he is fortunate he's gift investigated in France, oui the français justice système is plagued passant par extremely long-winded, complicated, et even tortuous processes.

Police sapin raided his patrie within days de his shedding presidential immunity from start in 2012 - cible the wheel of justice in la france turn incredibly slowly.

Apart native speed, une reason why the français justice système has no been difficult enough in this particular case, is because france is forever in the habitude of protecting its se réconcilier presidents, et French taxpayers ont not yes, really pressed parce que le radical change.

Former president Jacques Chirac, à la example, calmer keeps a broad range ns benefits - including a really generous pension; personal security, et a life time membership ns France’s constitutional Council. He continuez to cost the français taxpayer more than a $1.2 million a year, when the facture dachat for Nicolas Sarkozy stands at practically $2.5 million.

At some point, ne sont pas doubt, judges will be compelled to ask Sarkozy why he participated in auto attack nous Libya, et what his personal dentrate was in helping to depose his erstwhile friend and alleged paymaster Gaddafi.

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Even though se réconcilier presidents gain privileges, Nicolas Sarkozy is now being treated like année ordinary french citizen, oui his nation now believes cette no longer deserves the abri usually afforded to constitue heads du state.

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